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Brasil deve estabelecer acordos com diversos países para assegurar ambiente de integridade da pesquisa em colaborações internacionais

terça-feira, 2 de junho de 2015



País ganha respeito da comunidade científica por ressaltar a discussão sobre o tema em diversos níveis do conhecimento

A integridade em processos e resultados de pesquisa é uma questão crítica em todos os países, e esta situação se torna ainda mais crítica quando se fala em ambiente de cooperação internacional em pesquisas científicas. A declaração é da pesquisadora americana Melissa S. Anderson, da University of Minnesota (EUA), co-chair da 4th World Conference on Research Integrity, 4WCRI (http://www.wcri2015.org/), que foi oficialmente aberta domingo, dia 31. Para Melissa, o Brasil tem um papel muito importante no cenário mundial da pesquisa científica e apresenta um grande potencial para desenvolver uma política forte que garanta o suporte à integridade da pesquisa.

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Rewarding true inquiry and diligence in research

www.thelancet.com Vol 385 May 30, 2015
 
On May 31, about 600 delegates from over 50 countries and all continents will gather in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity. The inaugural 1st World Conference was held in Lisbon, Portugal, 8 years ago. Attendees heard debates about whether scientific misconduct needed to be addressed or whether science could keep its own house in order. Examples of egregious misconduct featured strongly. And although the main goal of the first conference was to raise awareness of the importance of research integrity globally, the emphasis was on misconduct, its definitions and causes.

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Retractions Often Due to Plagiarism: Study

By Kerry Grens | June 1, 2015

The number of plagiarism-based retractions has grown since the advent of detection software, according to a BioMed Central analysis.

Plagiarism is the most common cause of retractions in BioMed Central journals, accounting for a quarter of cases documented, according to a poster presentation at the World Conference on Research Integrity being held in Rio de Janeiro this week. The authors found that the increase in plagiarism-related retractions rose after 2009, when plagiarism-detection software became more widely used.

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Retracted gay-marriage study debated at misconduct meet-up

Richard Van Noorden, Rio de Janeiro, 02 June 2015

Over rum cocktails at the World Conference on Research Integrity, experts discussed what can be learnt from the fallout of a flawed political-science paper.

The world’s largest gathering of specialists in research misconduct kicked off on 31 May in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, shortly after science’s latest scandal broke. On the evening before the start of sessions on how to diagnose and remedy ethical faults in research, delegates to the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity sipped caipirinhas, Brazil’s national cocktail — and swapped views on what could be gleaned from a flawed political-science study.

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Conferência mundial discute integridade da pesquisa

BRUNO DE PIERRO | Edição Online 18:08 2 de junho de 2015

Mais de 500 pesquisadores de cerca de 200 instituições de 55 países estão reunidos, até 3 de junho, no Rio de Janeiro, para discutir questões relacionadas à integridade da pesquisa científica, ou seja, aos valores éticos que definem a ética profissional do cientista.

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http://www.nature.com/news/fruit-fly-paper-has-1-000-authors-1.17555

Fruit-fly paper has 1,000 authors

Genomics paper with an unusually high number of authors sets researchers buzzing on social media.
Chris Woolston
13 May 2015

http://www.nature.com/news/bibliometrics-the-leiden-manifesto-for-research-metrics-1.17351

Bibliometrics: The Leiden Manifesto for research metrics

Diana Hicks, Paul Wouters, Ludo Waltman, Sarah de Rijcke & Ismael Rafols
22 April 2015

Data are increasingly used to govern science. Research evaluations that were once bespoke and performed by peers are now routine and reliant on metrics1.

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http://www.sciencemag.org/content/348/6233/434.full

Big names or big ideas: Do peer-review panels select the best science proposals?

Science 24 April 2015, Vol. 348 no. 6233 pp. 434-438
Danielle Li, Leila Agha
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa0185
http://www.nature.com/news/the-future-of-the-postdoc-1.17253

The future of the postdoc

There is a growing number of postdocs and few places in academia for them to go. But change could be on the way.
Kendall Powell

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http://www.aaas.org/news/apsa-releases-statement-research-integrity

APSA Releases Statement on Research Integrity

1 April 2015Priyanka Patel
http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/stefan-grimms-death-leads-imperial-to-review-performance-metrics/2019381.article

Stefan Grimm’s death leads Imperial College London to review performance metrics

27 MARCH 2015 | BY Imperial is to undertake a review of how it uses performance metrics for staff after the death of one of its academics.

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5 ways usage metrics can help you see the bigger picture

Lisa Colledge, D Phil, and Chris James
23 March 2015

http://www.elsevier.com/connect/5-ways-usage-metrics-can-help-you-see-the-bigger-picture

Statement on Scientists and Responsible Disclosure

By National Academy of Sciences President Ralph J. Cicerone
March 6, 2015

http://www.nasonline.org/about-nas/leadership/president/responsible-disclosure.html
http://m.phys.org/news/2015-03-professors-expose-uncomfortably-common-coercive.html

Professors expose the 'uncomfortably common' practice of coercive citation

Provided by University of Alabama in Huntsville

In today's highly competitive world, everyone wants to get ahead. But at what cost? That's the question Dr. Eric Fong, associate professor of management at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), had to ask himself at a pivotal time in his academic career.

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http://news.sciencemag.org/scientific-community/2015/03/hoax-detecting-software-spots-fake-papers

Hoax-detecting software spots fake papers

By John Bohannon

It all started as a prank in 2005. Three computer science Ph.D. students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology—Jeremy Stribling, Max Krohn, and Dan Aguayo—created a program to generate nonsensical computer science research papers.

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http://www.rcr.ethics.gc.ca/eng/resources-ressources/grant-subvention/

4th World Conference on Research Integrity Travel Grant

Panel on Responsible Conduct of Research

Application Criteria and Procedures

Secretariat on Responsible Conduct of Research
The Secretariat on Responsible Conduct of Research (SRCR) is mandatedto:
  • promote high ethical standards in the responsible conduct of research; and
  • implement and promote educational activities related to the implementation of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans, 2nd edition (TCPS 2) and the Framework on Responsible Conduct of Research (the Framework).

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http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002322/232210E.pdf

Research Evaluation Metrics

by UNESCO, 2015
Published in 2015 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France


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http://www.nature.com/news/corruption-good-governance-powers-innovation-1.16927

Corruption: Good governance powers innovation

Alina Mungiu-Pippidi

18 February 2015
Corruption is a barrier to innovation, warns Alina Mungiu-Pippidi. Greater scrutiny of public spending is needed if science and technology are to fulfil their potential.

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https://aaas.confex.com/aaas/2015/webprogram/Paper14250.html

Why Data Matters in Research Integrity

15 February, 2015
Brian C. Martinson , HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN
http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2015/01/post-publication-peer-review-stap-comes-age

Post publication peer review comes of age

Emma Stoye
12 January 2015

It is rare for scientific controversies to make it into the mainstream media. But the high profile retraction of a paper on stimulus-triggered acquisition of pluripotency (STAP) by Nature in July – just five months after its publication – made national news.

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http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41682/title/Assessing-Research-Productivity/

Assessing Research Productivity

1 January 2015

A new way of evaluating academics’ research output using easily obtained data

By Ushma S. Neill, Craig B. Thompson, and Donna S. Gibson | January 1, 2015

It can often be difficult to gauge researcher productivity and impact, but these measures of effectiveness are important for academic institutions and funding sources to consider in allocating limited scientific resources and funding.

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http://www.nature.com/news/china-sees-dip-in-research-grant-misconduct-1.16645

China sees dip in research-grant misconduct

Jane Qiu


Qilai Shen/In Pictures/Corbis

The country’s premier science-funding agency reports fewer offences than in previous years, but some say ethics problem is still 'rampant'.

Yang Wei, president of the National Natural Science Foundation of China says that his agency's efforts to crack down on academic fraud are beginning to pay off.

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